VAC2VAC: Progress summary of first year
During the first year of the VAC2VAC project ample of process has been made. Here you can find a two page summary of the progress.
Background The overall objective of the “Vaccine batch to vaccine batch comparison by consistency testing” project (acronym: VAC2VAC) is to demonstrate proof of concept of the consistency approach for batch release testing of established vaccines. This means that animal-free assays - instead of animal tests - shall be used to ensure that each vaccine batch produced nowadays is consistent with a batch already proven to be safe and efficacious in registration studies. Hence the name “consistency approach”. It covers vaccine potency, safety and animal welfare. Due to the nature of the animal-free assays, the consistency approach also clearly will speed up the release time so that vaccine batches will be available for vaccination much quicker.
Progress, in brief: During the first year of the VAC2VAC project, a system for the management of samples and reagents was developed, which allowed for delivery of vaccine samples from Industry partners to Public partners and initiation and progress of the laboratory work, including:
Physicochemical methods - The development of mass spectrometry assays for Leptospira and DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) vaccines to be quantify antigens in the complex vaccines - Conformational fingerprinting (a technique that can be used to monitor vaccine quality based on the structure of the antigen)
Immunochemical methods - Development and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies to determine antigen content and quality
Cell based assays for consistency testing - Development of assays based on vaccine mediated activation of special reporter cell lines has started - Development of an antigen-specific antibody producing B-cell assay is ongoing - Reporter cell lines for safety and toxicity testing are being developedWork on the development
Multiparametric assays and bioinformatics - DNA sequencing, RNA sequencing and targeted proteomics have been used to characterise a seed strain for stable and reproducible production of toxin for human vaccines. - The development of an alternative pertussis vaccine safety test has been initiated with the goal of improving an existing cell-based assay to allow a fully quantitative readout. - The interaction of vaccines/adjuvants with antigen presenting cells is ongoing in order to evaluate adjuvant stability and/or an in vitro potency test Please click here for a more in depth report.